I recall the Life of Brian as being only fairly humorous so I went to London for the Saturday. The conference looked at the history of Jesus through the lens of Brian. I was more interested to hear three professors two of whom I had previously exchanged e-mail communications with. I had read some of their books. These were Helen Bond, Guy Stiebal and Steve Mason. I would have also liked to have heard Martin Goodman who spoke on the Friday. Bond, Mason and Goodman dealt with history during the time Jesus is supposed to have existed. Stiebal, an Israeli archaeologist, spoke about the Roman army at the time. It seems that they have learned their history from The Life of Brian, for they all used him as a model to follow, like zombies. This was along a well trodden path with a few slight variations from Brian's version between speakers, may be. Their approach to the history of the time is a naive one. So what have the Pythons done for us? They have shown that much of the understood history is a farce.
Thus in Brian's history that time in Judea was a cruel one for most of the Jews under Roman procurators. The Jews hated the Romans and vice versa. Bond said that crucifixions were common place, but that unlike Brian's history, there was no involvement of Jews in his death. But she had no word to say which Jews were involved. Mason made a point, that the Romans must have had help from the Jewish elite. Significantly, he also didn't say who they were. The four speaker's naive messages can be read in children's books, or The Life of Brian, or Josephus published under the lens of Vespasian or may be Eusebius. They are fundamentally a regurgitation of the writings attributed to Josephus and the New Testament. Both of these are more akin to the life of Brian.
Eisenman thinks the Romans were having fun when producing Josephus. An example is Josephus's casting of lots to decide who should dispatch who in a suicide pact of 30 or so rebels cornered by the Romans, and then changing his mind because he coincidentally drew the last lot and chose to survive. Another example is the ridiculous and fictitious story of the miserable death of Agrippa I while making himself out to be a god. These stories reveal what the Romans under Vespasian were capable of in producing their version of history. A crucifixion story would be great to scare the Jews. Certainly, the scholars warn about Josephus, yet ignore their own warnings. It would be more appropriate to substitute Vespasian or Eusebius for Josephus when citing.
My Question to Mason
(I could have put the same question to Bond, Stiebal and Goodman.)
How do you reconcile the above view with the following two statements?:
"However is it possible that a royal court of such magnitude, a ruling centre for over half a century, with its established political, economic and military mechanisms, lost its well placed manpower in a spectacular overnight disintegration?" (Kokkinos, The Herodian Dynasty, page 19). I conclude from this that Kokkinos doesn't believe it was possible.
In a puzzled mood, Goodman states: "Nor was violence continuous: a long lived Jerusalemite could have passed the whole period from 6 to 66 CE without ever witnessing the horrors of war." (Goodman, Rome and Jerusalem, page 397). Presumably, following Brian and Vespasian, Goodman believes that the Romans managed to keep the lid on Jewish restlessness, helped of course by non-descript Jewish elite.
Alexander's murder by Pheroras brought Augustus's vengeance upon him. (See Chap.7) This puts Augustus's supposed quotation (See page 99 of Geza Vermes's book, The True Herod) in a new light: "It is better to be Herod's pig than his son". Vermes wrote: "after witnessing his cruelty towards Mariamne's children, Caesar Augustus saw through him". But this was not Augustus's reflection on Herod's supposed vicious character, but his reflection of what enemies of Herod, equally Jewish, thought of his son. Just as Herod was hated by Pheroras and followers, so they hated his son and heir and took advantage of him in Rome.
There was no Break in the Herodian Dynasty From Herod to Agrippa I
[and that as to Antipater himself, Caesar left it to Herod to act as became a father and a king, and either to banish him, or to take away his life, which he pleased].
[, and at the power that was given him over his son];
[, and a great tumult was made, as if the king were dead. Upon which Antipater, who verily believed his father was deceased, grew bold in his discourse, as hoping to be immediately and entirely released from his bonds, and to take the kingdom into his hands without any more ado; so he discoursed with the jailer about letting him go, and in that case promised him great things, both now and hereafter, as if that were the only thing now in question. But the jailer did not only refuse to do what Antipater would have him, but informed the king of his intentions, and how many solicitations he had had from him of that nature. Hereupon Herod, who had formerly no affection nor good-will towards his son to restrain him, when he heard what the jailer said, he cried out, and beat his head, although he was at death's door, and raised himself upon his elbow, and sent for some of his guards, and commanded them to kill Antipater without any further delay, and to do it presently, and to bury him in an ignoble manner at Hyrcania].
CONCERNING HEROD'S DEATH, AND TESTAMENT, AND BURIAL.
Aristobulus was granted the Kingdom of Judea by Herod (the rest was split into three)
The tetrarchy consisted of three areas not including Judea. The three areas were governed or ruled by ethnarchs who answered to the king. The three ethnarchs coined money themselves and probably had the ability to raise taxes which they would have paid a contribution to Rome through the king. Judea was to be ruled by Aristobulus the oldest surviving male. The reason Aristobulus didn't coin any money was because he had no need to. Herod left him plenty.
In the extant text below, Archelaus is mentioned twice. On the first occasion, Archelaus appears to have been offered the kingdom. On the second occasion, the writer appears confused - Archelaus is offered a tetrarchy.
Herod's family were killed at the battle of Arabia, not murdered by him.
The editor wants the reader believe that Herod ordered Antipator to be killed five days before Herod died. Antipator is fictitious. The natural form of the text is that Herod died five days after changing his will. Herod changed his will because of the execution of Pheroras Herod's brother.
The writer has edited the text so that Herod was barbarous to "all men equally". This cannot be true. The testimony to Herod was originally all favourable.
[in which indeed, according to his own opinion, he was also very fortunate, because he was able to conquer his enemies, yet, in my opinion],