Sunday, August 06, 2017

The Common Factor in the Jewish Coins from the Hasmonean, Herodian and Bar Kokhba Periods

The common factor in all these coins (including those from the Galilee) is that there is no symbology (textual or graphical) that shows anything to do with sacrifice of animals, or an altar for burnt offerings, or of the high priest, or of the priests. Yet Josephus, the rabbis, Jewish and Christian scholars say that the priests and animal sacrifice were the most important feature of Judaism.  Priests in charge of the temple was fraudulently written into history by Josephus and the rabbis.  Jewish and Christian scholars accept Jewish history as it is written in Josephus.

Many symbols shown on the coins are related to the sanctuary and worship, in particular the Feast of Tabernacles when the Jews celebrated the coming of the Spirit.  This was the domain of the prophets.  The sanctuary facade with the holy place at the centre is common on a number of coins.  The coins all support my view that from the time of Judas, animal sacrifice by the priests had ceased and that the priests were exiled from the temple. Up to the time of the revolt by the priests the coins were often depicted as pro Roman with many showing the heads of the emperors. After Nero defeated the rebel priests he granted freedom to the prophets and the Jewish people. Then the Jews could mint their coins of peace without an emperor's head and in a prophetic style.  This went on for four to five years.  The relations with Rome couldn't have been better.  When Titus destroyed the temple, the good relations with the Romans ceased.  The coins of the Bar Kokhba revolt continued the same prophetic style of coin without images of an emperor.  But this time it was in defiance of the Romans.

The flans for every Bar Kokhba coin came from previously issued coins which were overstamped.  (See Judea and Rome in Coins, page 125).  Simon (Bar Kokhba) and Jerusalem are named on the Bar Kokhba coins.  An Eleazar the priest is mentioned on some coins of the first year of the Bar Kokhba Revolt, but not later. This would have been a priest who converted to the prophets, like Judas Maccabeus. Moses was a prophet although entitled to be a priest like his brother Aaron.